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Appellate Court Rejects Compensability Of Assistant Prosecutor’s Fall En Route To Coffee Shop

By on March 19, 2021 in Compensability with 0 Comments

What if two lawyers leave their separate offices to meet at a coffee shop to discuss a case?  Is the commute to the coffee shop compensable for either or both of them?  The answer was no in the context of the facts in Pilone v. County of Middlesex, A-1676-19, (App. Div. March 15, 2021).

Lynn Pilone, an assistant prosecutor for Middlesex County, arrived at her Bayard Street office in New Brunswick between 8:30 and 9:00 a.m. on March 21, 2017.  Later in the day she knew she would be meeting with a victim-witness.  Before that meeting she wanted to discuss the case with a colleague, Helen Zanatakos, a fellow assistant prosecutor with years of experience, who worked nearby in a different office. The two decided to meet at 11:00 a.m. at a donut/coffee shop one block away from Pilone’s office.

At the appointed 11:00 a.m. time Pilone left her office and walked to 25 Kirkpatrick Street to meet Zanatakos in front her office, and then the two of them started walking to the donut/coffee shop one block away. On the way, Pilone fell on the sidewalk in front of a parking lot near Kirkpatrick Street and was taken by ambulance to a hospital.

Pilone filed a workers’ compensation claim which the County of Middlesex denied on the ground that the injury did not arise from petitioner’s employment.  Trial ensued with Pilone testifying that she was not on a lunch break when she fell.  She simply wanted to discuss the case with Zanatakos face-to-face.  It was a common practice for her to discuss cases outside the office as the inside offices were often too busy. Her intent was to buy coffee in the shop and then discuss the file, which she thought she carried with her at the time of her fall.

For her part Zanatakos testified that she also planned to discuss the case with Pilone because she was aware the victim-witness was dissatisfied with how her case had proceeded.  She intended to provide guidance to Pilone.  Sometimes the two of them would discuss personal matters, but this time the discussion was definitely about this particular file.

The Judge of Compensation granted the County’s motion to dismiss the case because petitioner’s fall occurred off work premises. The fall occurred on public property.  On appeal petitioner argued that her fall was subject to the “special mission” exception.  The Court relied on the Supreme Court decision in Hersh v. County of Morris, 217 N.J. 236 (2014).  That case focused on the “situs of the accident” and “the degree of employer’s control.”  The Court pointed out that the County had no control of the public walkway, nor of the coffee shop. 

The Appellate Division noted that petitioner had not been directed to work offsite by her employer. “Although N.J.S.A. 34:15-36 extends compensability to duties assigned or directed by the employer, petitioner did not demonstrate that meeting at the donut shop was assigned or directed by the Prosecutor’s Office.”  The Court distinguished another well-known case involving a drive to a coffee shop, namely Cooper v. Barnickel Enters, 411 N.J. Super. 343 (App. Div. 2010).  In that case the Court noted that petitioner was directed to work away from the primary place of employment while being injured en route to purchase coffee.  The Court said that here petitioner could have decided to meet in the office or outside the office, but there was no employer direction to meet at the donut/coffee shop.

The decision makes sense in not extending the special mission exception to a situation where employees decide for themselves (without employer direction) to meet off work premises.


About the Author

About the Author:

John H. Geaney, a shareholder and co-chair of Capehart Scatchard's Workers' Compensation department, began an email newsletter entitled Currents in Workers’ Compensation, ADA and FMLA in 2001 in order to keep clients and readers informed on leading developments in these three areas of law. Since that time he has written over 500 newsletter updates.

Mr. Geaney is the author of Geaney’s New Jersey Workers’ Compensation Manual for Practitioners, Adjusters & Employers. The manual is distributed by the New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education (NJICLE). He also authored an ADA and FMLA manual as distributed by NJICLE. If you are interested in purchasing the manual, please contact NJICLE at 732-214-8500 or visit their website at www.njicle.com.

Mr. Geaney represents employers in the defense of workers’ compensation, ADA and FMLA matters. He is a Fellow of the College of Workers’ Compensation Lawyers of the American Bar Association and is certified by the Supreme Court of New Jersey as a workers’ compensation law attorney. He is one of two firm representatives to the National Workers’ Compensation Defense Network. He has served on the Executive Committee of Capehart Scatchard for over ten (10) years.

A graduate of Holy Cross College summa cum laude, Mr. Geaney obtained his law degree from Boston College Law School. He has been named a “Super Lawyer” by his peers and Law and Politics. He serves as Vice President of the Friends of MEND, the fundraising arm of a local charitable organization devoted to promoting affordable housing.

Capehart Scatchard is a full service law firm with offices in Mt. Laurel and Trenton, New Jersey. The firm represents employers and businesses in a wide variety of areas, including workers’ compensation, civil litigation, labor, environmental, business, estates and governmental affairs.


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