A Capehart Scatchard Blog

Employer May Be Entitled To Offset For Overpayment Of Benefits To Petitioner

By on July 29, 2013 in Compensability with 0 Comments

Adam Weiner worked for the Elizabeth Board of Education and received an award of 100% total and permanent disability on October 18, 2000.  That entitled him to $480 per week for 450 weeks and thereafter.  That award was reduced on January 9, 2001 to $340.98 per week due to the social security disability offset rate.

The key development in this case occurred on April 1, 2002, when Mr. Weiner began receiving an ordinary disability pension benefit.  He did not disclose his receipt of ordinary disability pension benefits to the Board of Education, so the Board kept paying him $340.98 per week. 

On April 29, 2010, the Board sought approval to access Mr. Weiner’s pension records to determine if it was entitled to an offset.  On August 10, 2011, Weiner and the Board entered into a consent agreement, reducing Weiner’s disability rate going forward to $222.39, but there was no agreement on past overpayments of $57,753.33.

This action was filed by the Board to obtain reimbursement for the overpayments between April 1, 2002 through August 10, 2011, totaling $57,753.33.   A hearing took place on August 1, 2012, and on August 29, 2012 the Judge of Compensation denied the Board’s motion for reimbursement based on the conclusion that petitioner did not have the ability to repay the funds.  The Board of Education then appealed.

The Appellate Division was guided by the principle that “an underlying theme of the workers’ compensation law is that there should not be duplicative payments for the same disability” (citing Young v. Western Elec. Co., 96 N.J. 220, 231 (1984)).  The Court said that there is a two-step process: first, the Judge of Compensation must determine if petitioner was unjustly enriched for which the respondent has the burden of proof.  Second, the respondent can then “institute enforcement proceedings in the Law Division . . . which may be treated as a summary proceeding.” Hajnas v. Engelhard Mineral & Chemical Co., 231 N.J. Super. 353, 363 (App.Div. 1989). 

The Court said, “It is considered unjust enrichment to permit the recipient of money paid under mistake of fact to keep it, unless the circumstances are such that it would be inequitable to require its return.” (citations omitted).  In this case, the Court felt that the Judge of Compensation did not take a detailed look at the ability of the petitioner to make reimbursement payments.

No evidential hearing was held.  The compensation judge’s finding that Weiner was unable to repay the money, and therefore, that it would be inequitable to order reimbursement, was supported solely by ‘several years of his Individual Income Tax Returns, the most recent of which shows an annual salary of $17,295 for 2010.’ No statement of assets and liabilities evincing Weiner’s net worth was produced.  Further, no statement of income and expenses was considered by the judge of compensation.

The Court reversed and remanded for further proceedings.  “We will not indulge in hypothetical speculation of a net worth which would support the immediate return of the payments, which all parties agree, should never have been made to Weiner. Nor will we reach a conclusion based on incomplete facts concerning whether, after considering Weiner’s income and expenses, a payment plan would be appropriate.”

This case can be found at Weiner v. Elizabeth Board of Education, A-0627-12T2 (App. Div. July 15, 2013).  It is an important case for employers for a number of reasons.  The Appellate Division endorses the right of the employer to obtain reimbursement of benefits that are overpaid to the petitioner, including payments from a disability pension.  It is also important because the situation in this case is rather common, namely that someone receiving workers’ compensation later obtains a disability pension without that information ever getting to the employer or carrier on a timely basis.  Lastly, the case is significant because it sets forth specific requirements for each party in an unjust enrichment claim.


This blog article was researched and written by John H. Geaney, a member of the executive committee and equity partner at the law firm of Capehart Scatchard. The content of the this article is intended to provide general information on the topic presented, and is offered with the understanding that the author is not rendering any legal or professional services or advice. This article is not a substitute for legal advice. Should you require such services, retain competent legal counsel.


About the Author

About the Author:

John H. Geaney, a shareholder and co-chair of Capehart Scatchard's Workers' Compensation department, began an email newsletter entitled Currents in Workers’ Compensation, ADA and FMLA in 2001 in order to keep clients and readers informed on leading developments in these three areas of law. Since that time he has written over 500 newsletter updates.

Mr. Geaney is the author of Geaney’s New Jersey Workers’ Compensation Manual for Practitioners, Adjusters & Employers. The manual is distributed by the New Jersey Institute for Continuing Legal Education (NJICLE). He also authored an ADA and FMLA manual as distributed by NJICLE. If you are interested in purchasing the manual, please contact NJICLE at 732-214-8500 or visit their website at www.njicle.com.

Mr. Geaney represents employers in the defense of workers’ compensation, ADA and FMLA matters. He is a Fellow of the College of Workers’ Compensation Lawyers of the American Bar Association and is certified by the Supreme Court of New Jersey as a workers’ compensation law attorney. He is one of two firm representatives to the National Workers’ Compensation Defense Network. He has served on the Executive Committee of Capehart Scatchard for over ten (10) years.

A graduate of Holy Cross College summa cum laude, Mr. Geaney obtained his law degree from Boston College Law School. He has been named a “Super Lawyer” by his peers and Law and Politics. He serves as Vice President of the Friends of MEND, the fundraising arm of a local charitable organization devoted to promoting affordable housing.

Capehart Scatchard is a full service law firm with offices in Mt. Laurel and Trenton, New Jersey. The firm represents employers and businesses in a wide variety of areas, including workers’ compensation, civil litigation, labor, environmental, business, estates and governmental affairs.


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